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How to Get Rid of Dandruff: A Guide

From what causes dandruff to the anti-dandruff shampoo to know, we reveal all you need to know for flake-free hair.

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Got an itchy, flaky scalp? Chances are you have dandruff, which is a surprisingly common issue. Whilst it’s annoying, the scalp condition is relatively easy to treat and get under control. The key to banishing those flakes is to understand what dandruff is, what causes it and the products you need - notably an anti-dandruff shampoo - that will keep those flakes at bay. Below we reveal everything you need to know about dandruff and how to ditch those flakes once and for all.

What Causes Dandruff?

As with most skin conditions, there are various triggers that can cause dandruff to flare up.

• A yeastlike fungus (malassezia globosa) that feeds on oils on the scalps of most adults. During this process it produces oleic acid which can irritate the skin and set off an immune response that causes a rapid skin cell turnover and, you guessed it, dandruff flakes.

• If you are susceptible to skin conditions like eczema or psoriasis then you will probably have noticed dandruff too.

• Dermatitis (a general term for skin irritation) that is sometimes caused by products can also lead to dandruff.

• Stress can cause dandruff to worsen.

• Cold weather can trigger a dandruff flare-up.

• Whilst dandruff isn’t caused by poor hygiene, if you don’t shampoo your hair enough the flakes can build-up.

It’s also thought that external aggressors like pollution can also exacerbate dandruff.

Read More: Scalp Condition: The Secret to Healthy, Beautiful Hair


The most efficient way to keep those flakes at bay is with a dedicated anti dandruff haircare routine. Kerastase has a 3-step at-home routine that zeros in on dandruff, eliminates it and prevents a relapse for up to 8 weeks.

Start with an anti-dandruff shampoo like Bain Anti-Pelliculaire Spécifique that acts on two types of dandruff: dry and oily flakes. Cleansing the hair and focusing on the scalp helps to remove impurities, while the anti-relapse action. The dandruff shampoo contains zinc pyrithione and active antibacterial ingredient that targets and eliminates micro-organisms responsible for dandruff. The addition of salicylic acid, with its exfoliating action, deeply cleanses the scalp.

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Next up, use the Masque Hydra-Apaisant Spécifique to double down on your anti-dandruff efforts. The mask hydrates and soothes the scalp to defend against oiliness and dryness. Formulated without silicons, this mask contains L-Carnosine, a potent antioxidant that protects against pollution, cigarette smoke and sun exposure. Vitamin E, another powerful antioxidant protects the hair, while Moringa shields pollution particles and enhances shine.


Read more: 9 Tips That Will Increase Your Hair Growth

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Finally, Cure Anti Pelliculaire is an intensive dandruff remedy that works to remove oily and dry dandruff flakes. A 4-week treatment, it contains Octopirox 2500 PPM, that reduces the appearance of dandruff whilst purifying the scalp. Rhamnose, a vegetable sugar, stimulates the fibroblasts in the skin to improve suppleness, while Complexe AOX protects against oxidative stress.

Simply apply 3 times a week for 4 weeks to dry or towel-dried hair and work into the scalp section by section. Visible flakes will be reduced for up to 4 weeks after the treatment ends.

RENDEZ-VOUS AT THE SALON

Far more than the place to get your root touch-up or an occasional trim, book an appointment at your nearest Kérastase salon for a complimentary personalized hair diagnosis or ask your hairdresser about the signature and salon-exclusive Fusio-Dose treatment. You can also stop by anytime to browse and shop the complete Kérastase range, no appointment necessary.

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